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History of Abu Bakr, the First Muslim Caliph

islamic history

Abu Bakr was born c. 573 in the city of Mecca to Abu Quhafa and Umm Khayr. Belonging to the tribe of Banu Tay, the clan of the Quraysh. Abu Bakr was a senior companion (Sahabah) and the father-in-law of the prophet, Muhammad (SAW). He ruled over the Rashidun Caliphate from 632-634 CE when he became the first Muslim Caliph following Prophet Muhammad‘s death. As Caliph, Abu Bakr succeeded in the political and administrative functions previously exercised by the Prophet, since the religious function and authority of prophethood ended with the Prophet’s death. He was called Al-Siddiq (The Truthful) by the prophet, Muhammad after he believed him in the event of Isra and Mi’raj when other people didn’t, and Ali confirmed that title several times and was known by that title among later generations of Muslims. He was also sometimes called Ibn Abi Quhafa meaning the ‘son of Abu Quhafa‘.

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