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Muslim Prayers for Beginners: The 5 Daily Prayer Times and What They Mean

Muslims pray five times a day, and each time has its own name and significance. The first prayer takes place before sunrise, and Muslims refer to it as the al-Fajr prayer. The second prayer, called the Dhuhr prayer, occurs at noon, just after the sun passes its highest point in the sky and is at its hottest point of the day. After that comes the Asr prayer, which occurs mid-afternoon, just after the sun starts to head downward and lose heat as evening approaches.

The five daily prayers, or salat, are among the most significant requirements of the Islamic faith for Muslims. The faithful are reminded of God and the numerous opportunities to ask for His help and pardon via prayer. They also serve to remind people of the bond that Muslims all across the world share via their shared religion and practices.

One of Islam’s Five Pillars, the precepts that all devout Muslims must uphold, is prayer. This brings up the foundational principles of Islam.

  1. Hajj: All Muslims are required to perform the Hajj at least once throughout their lifetimes in order to visit Mecca, the holiest site in Islam.
  2. Sawm: The term for the Ramadan ritual fast.
  3. Shahadah: Reciting the Kalimah, the Islamic profession of faith (“There is no God but Allah, and Muhammad is his messenger”).
  4. Salat: Properly performed daily prayers.
  5. Zakat: Charitable giving and helping the needy.

Muslims zealously uphold the Five Pillars of Islam in their daily lives as a sign of their allegiance. The most obvious way to do this is through daily prayer.

How Do Muslims Pray in Islam?

Muslims, like members of other religions, are required to perform certain rituals as part of their regular prayers. Muslims must be in good health and mental clarity in order to worship. According to Islamic teaching, Muslims must perform the ritualistic washing (wudu), also known as wudhu, washing of the hands, feet, arms, and legs before praying. Worshipers are required to wear clean, modest attire.

Once the Wudhu is over, you should look for a spot to pray. In mosques, where they can practice their religion in public, many Muslims offer prayers. But one can pray wherever that is calm, including a nook in a house or office. The only requirement is that the prayers be offered while facing Mecca, Qibla.

The Prayer Ritual

Although utilizing one is not necessary, traditionally, prayers are said while standing on a tiny prayer rug. The prayers are always uttered while making a set of ritualized Rak’ha movements and gestures that are meant to exalt Allah and demonstrate devotion. Based on the time of day, the Rak’ha is performed two to four times.

Takbir: Worshipers stand and exclaim, “Allahu Akbar!” with their hands extended to shoulder height (“God is great”).


Qiyaam is when a believer crosses their right arm across their left across their chest or navel while still standing. Along with other prayers, the Quran’s opening chapter is read.


“Glory be to God, the greatest“, is recited three times by worshipers when they bow toward Mecca and place their hands on their knees.


The devout stand up again for the second Qiyaam with their arms at their sides. Again, Allah’s majesty is exalted.


Sujud: Kneeling in a position where only the palms, knees, toes, forehead, and nose are in contact with the ground. Three times are said, “Glory be to God, the highest.


Tashahhud: Sit with their feet flat on the floor and their hands resting on their laps. Now is the time to pause and consider your prayer. Sujud is said again.


It is Tashahhud again. The devout raise their right index fingers for a brief while during prayers to Allah to show their adoration. Additionally, worshipers implore Allah for mercy and forgiveness.


When praying in a group, worshipers will end their prayers with a quick word of peace for one another. Muslims bow and say, “Peace be upon you, and the mercy and blessings of Allah,” turning first to their right and then to their left.

Islamic Prayer Times

The adhan, or daily call to prayer, serves as a reminder of the salat in Muslim communities. A muezzin, who serves as the mosque’s appointed call to prayer, delivers the adhan from the mosque. The muezzin recite the Takbir and the Kalimah at the call to prayer.

Traditionally, the calls were made from the minaret of the mosque without any amplification; however, many contemporary mosques now employ loudspeakers to improve the clarity of the call for the devout. The location of the sun determines the actual prayer times. This means prayers are observed differently in all locations, based on their timing zones.

There are five daily prayers, namely;

  • Fajr: This prayer, which is offered before daybreak, brings God to mind as the day begins.
  • Dhuhr: After starting the day’s labor, one takes a pause shortly after noon to remember God and ask for His guidance once again.
  • ‘Asr: People take some time in the late afternoon to reflect on God and the bigger picture of their lives.
  • Maghrib: Muslims commemorate God once again as the day draws to a close shortly after the sun sets.
  • ‘Isha: Muslims remember God’s presence, guidance, mercy, and forgiveness once more before turning in for the evening.

The many times of day for prayer were once simply determined by looking at the sun. The beginning of each prayer period is now clearly marked on printed daily prayer schedules. Yes, there are several apps available for that.

Devout Muslims view skipping prayers as a grave act of disbelief. But occasionally, events do occur that make it necessary to miss a prayer time. Muslims are expected to make up missed prayers as soon as feasible or, at the very least, repeat them as part of the subsequent scheduled salat.

Benefits Of Prayer in Islam

There are many benefits to prayer in Islam. First, it helps us remember Allah and our purpose in life. Second, it gives us a chance to reflect on our day and think about what we’re grateful for. Third, it allows us to ask for guidance and wisdom. Fourth, it strengthens our relationship with Allah. Fifth, it brings peace and calms into our lives.

This draws us to the importance of prayer according to the sayings of the Prophet…

Abdullah bin Qurt (May Allah be pleased with him) reported that the Messenger of Allah (PBUH) said, “On the Day of Judgment, a slave will be questioned about his prayers first. If his prayers are good, his other deeds will be good, too. If his prayers are bad, his other deeds will be bad, too.” (Tabarani, Targhib)

And in another hadith, Jabir Ibn Abdullah (r.a) narrated that the Prophet (PBUH) said, “Between faith and unbelief is abandoning the prayer.” (Muslim, Abu Dawud, Tirmidhi, Ibn Majah, Musnad)

Let’s not forget the narration of Musnad Ahmad where the Prophet (SAW) says, “The key to Paradise is prayer; the key to prayer is wudu (ablution).” 

Quranic and Other Benefits Of Prayer in Islam

Prayer is the shield against evil deeds and bad habits. Allah Almighty says in the Noble Quran: “Verily, prayer restrains (oneself) from shameful and unjust deeds…” (Quran, 29:45)

Those who pray five daily prayers become humble that Almighty Allah loved and associated its success. Allah (SWT) says in the Holy Quran: “Successful indeed are the believers, who are humble in their prayers.” (Quran, 23:1-2)

The recommended method of calling upon Allah Almighty is through prayer. When someone worships Allah, they establish a connection with Him, and any prayers they provide during or after that connection are guaranteed to be received by Allah more so than prayers offered under any other circumstances.

Islamic prayers demonstrate equality. Rich and poor, lofty and low, all Muslims stand shoulder to shoulder during communal prayer. It is the most ideal representation of human equality in the Islamic faith.

Our spiritual needs to connect with our Creator are met by prayer. The soul finds comfort and joy in this.

Muslims develop piety and proceed along the path of righteousness. In this sense, prayer is very important since it encourages Taqwa, or piety, among believers.

One’s bodily and spiritual well-being are protected through prayer.
Five daily prayers help those who offer them strengthen their hearts in their belief in Allah.

By offering prayers, a Muslim can establish a relationship with Allah Almighty, and when they do so five times every day, that relationship will inevitably get stronger.

Muslims are saved from the flames of Hell by prayer. For Muslims, the five prayers they perform each day are consoling.

By praying, a Muslim can have his transgressions pardoned, his good actions multiplied, and he can also get closer to the Creator of the Heavens and the Earth.

Daily prayer is an effective way to overcome laziness.

Salah brings about Allah’s blessings and benevolence (SWT).

The meal for the soul is salah.

Salah protects us against dangerous things.

Prayer fortifies the heart.

One’s physical power grows thanks to salah.

Allah SWT bestows benefits as a result of prayer.

The Shaitan is kept at bay through salah.

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