The first pillar of Imaan (faith) in Islam is Belief in Allah. As Muslims, we believe in Allah by His beautiful names and attributes. Allah has revealed His names repeatedly in the Holy Quran, primarily for us to understand who He is. Learning and memorizing 99 Names of Allah (Al Asma Ul Husna) will help us identify the correct way to believe in Him.
Nothing is more sacred and blessed than understanding the names of Allah and living by them. How do we expect to worship, love, fear and trust our Lord, The Almighty Allah, if we don’t know who He is?
Allah says in the Quran:
And to Allah belong the best names, so invoke Him by them.. (Quran 7:180)
Allah – there is no deity except Him. To Him belong the best names. (Quran 20:8)
He is Allah, the Creator, the Inventor, the Fashioner; to Him belong the best names. (Quran 59:24)
Prophet Muhammad (ﷺ) said, “Allah has ninety-nine names, i.e. one-hundred minus one, and whoever knows them will go to Paradise.”
(Sahih Bukhari 50:894)
Abu Huraira reported Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) as saying: There are ninety-nine names of Allah; he who commits them to memory would get into Paradise. Verily, Allah is Odd (He is one, and it is an odd number) and He loves odd number..”
(Sahih Muslim Book-48 Hadith-5)
99 names of Allah – Meaning and Explanation
|1||ٱلْرَّحْمَـانُ||AR-RAHMAAN||The Most or Entirely Merciful|
|2||ٱلْرَّحِيْمُ||AR-RAHEEM||The Bestower of Mercy|
|3||ٱلْمَلِكُ||AL-MALIK||The King and Owner of Dominion|
|4||ٱلْقُدُّوسُ||AL-QUDDUS||The Absolutely Pure|
|5||ٱلْسَّلَامُ||AS-SALAM||The Perfection and Giver of Peace|
|6||ٱلْمُؤْمِنُ||AL-MU’MIN||The One Who gives Emaan and Security|
|7||ٱلْمُهَيْمِنُ||AL-MUHAYMIN||The Guardian, The Witness, The Overseer|
|8||ٱلْعَزِيزُ||AL-AZEEZ||The All Mighty|
|9||ٱلْجَبَّارُ||AL-JABBAR||The Compeller, The Restorer|
|10||ٱلْمُتَكَبِّرُ||AL-MUTAKABBIR||The Supreme, The Majestic|
|11||ٱلْخَالِقُ||AL-KHAALIQ||The Creator, The Maker|
|14||ٱلْغَفَّارُ||AL-GHAFFAR||The All- and Oft-Forgiving|
|15||ٱلْقَهَّارُ||AL-QAHHAR||The Subduer, The Ever-Dominating|
|16||ٱلْوَهَّابُ||AL-WAHHAAB||The Giver of Gifts|
|18||ٱلْفَتَّاحُ||AL-FATTAAH||The Opener, The Judge|
|19||ٱلْعَلِيمُ||AL-‘ALEEM||The All-Knowing, The Omniscient|
|22||ٱلْخَافِضُ||AL-KHAAFIDH||The Reducer, The Abaser|
|23||ٱلْرَّافِعُ||AR-RAAFI’||The Exalter, The Elevator|
|24||ٱلْمُعِزُّ||AL-MU’IZZ||The Honourer, The Bestower|
|25||ٱلْمُذِلُّ||AL-MUZIL||The Dishonourer, The Humiliator|
|28||ٱلْحَكَمُ||AL-HAKAM||The Judge, The Giver of Justice|
|29||ٱلْعَدْلُ||AL-‘ADL||The Utterly Just|
|30||ٱلْلَّطِيفُ||AL-LATEEF||The Subtle One, The Most Gentle|
|31||ٱلْخَبِيرُ||AL-KHABEER||The Acquainted, the All-Aware|
|32||ٱلْحَلِيمُ||AL-HALEEM||The Most Forbearing|
|33||ٱلْعَظِيمُ||AL-‘ATHEEM||The Magnificent, The Supreme|
|34||ٱلْغَفُورُ||AL-GHAFOOR||The Forgiving, The Exceedingly Forgiving|
|35||ٱلْشَّكُورُ||ASH-SHAKOOR||The Most Appreciative|
|36||ٱلْعَلِيُّ||AL-‘ALEE||The Most High, The Exalted|
|37||ٱلْكَبِيرُ||AL-KABEER||The Greatest, The Most Grand|
|38||ٱلْحَفِيظُ||AL-HAFEEDH||The Preserver, The All-Heedful and All-Protecting|
|40||ٱلْحَسِيبُ||AL-HASEEB||The Reckoner, The Sufficient|
|42||ٱلْكَرِيمُ||AL-KAREEM||The Most Generous, The Most Esteemed|
|44||ٱلْمُجِيبُ||AL-MUJEEB||The Responsive One|
|45||ٱلْوَاسِعُ||AL-WAASI’||The All-Encompassing, the Boundless|
|47||ٱلْوَدُودُ||AL-WADOOD||The Most Loving|
|48||ٱلْمَجِيدُ||AL-MAJEED||The Glorious, The Most Honorable|
|49||ٱلْبَاعِثُ||AL-BA’ITH||The Resurrector, The Raiser of the Dead|
|50||ٱلْشَّهِيدُ||ASH-SHAHEED||The All- and Ever Witnessing|
|51||ٱلْحَقُّ||AL-HAQQ||The Absolute Truth|
|52||ٱلْوَكِيلُ||AL-WAKEEL||The Trustee, The Disposer of Affairs|
|54||ٱلْمَتِينُ||AL-MATEEN||The Firm, The Steadfast|
|55||ٱلْوَلِيُّ||AL-WALIYY||The Protecting Associate|
|57||ٱلْمُحْصِيُ||AL-MUHSEE||The All-Enumerating, The Counter|
|58||ٱلْمُبْدِئُ||AL-MUBDI||The Originator, The Initiator|
|59||ٱلْمُعِيدُ||AL-MU’ID||The Restorer, The Reinstater|
|60||ٱلْمُحْيِى||AL-MUHYEE||The Giver of Life|
|61||ٱلْمُمِيتُ||AL-MUMEET||The Bringer of Death, the Destroyer|
|63||ٱلْقَيُّومُ||AL-QAYYOOM||The Sustainer, The Self-Subsisting|
|65||ٱلْمَاجِدُ||AL-MAAJID||The Illustrious, the Magnificent|
|67||ٱلْأَحَد||AL-AHAD||The Unique, The Only One|
|68||ٱلْصَّمَدُ||AS-SAMAD||The Eternal, Satisfier of Needs|
|69||ٱلْقَادِرُ||AL-QADIR||The Capable, The Powerful|
|71||ٱلْمُقَدِّمُ||AL-MUQADDIM||The Expediter, The Promoter|
|72||ٱلْمُؤَخِّرُ||AL-MU’AKHKHIR||The Delayer, the Retarder|
|76||ٱلْبَاطِنُ||AL-BAATIN||The Hidden One, Knower of the Hidden|
|77||ٱلْوَالِي||AL-WAALI||The Governor, The Patron|
|78||ٱلْمُتَعَالِي||AL-MUTA’ALI||The Self Exalted|
|79||ٱلْبَرُّ||AL-BARR||The Source of Goodness, the Kind Benefactor|
|80||ٱلْتَّوَّابُ||AT-TAWWAB||The Ever-Pardoning, The Relenting|
|83||ٱلْرَّؤُفُ||AR-RA’OOF||The Most Kind|
|84||مَالِكُ ٱلْمُلْكُ||MAALIK-UL-MULK||Master of the Kingdom, Owner of the Dominion|
|85||ذُو ٱلْجَلَالِ وَٱلْإِكْرَامُ||DHUL-JALAALI WAL-IKRAAM||Possessor of Glory and Honour, Lord of Majesty and Generosity|
|86||ٱلْمُقْسِطُ||AL-MUQSIT||The Equitable, the Requiter|
|87||ٱلْجَامِعُ||AL-JAAMI’||The Gatherer, the Uniter|
|88||ٱلْغَنيُّ||AL-GHANIYY||The Self-Sufficient, The Wealthy|
|92||ٱلْنَّافِعُ||AN-NAFI’||The Propitious, the Benefactor|
|93||ٱلْنُّورُ||AN-NUR||The Light, The Illuminator|
|95||ٱلْبَدِيعُ||AL-BADEE’||The Incomparable Originator|
|96||ٱلْبَاقِي||AL-BAAQI||The Ever-Surviving, The Everlasting|
|97||ٱلْوَارِثُ||AL-WAARITH||The Inheritor, The Heir|
|98||ٱلْرَّشِيدُ||AR-RASHEED||The Guide, Infallible Teacher|
|99||ٱلْصَّبُورُ||AS-SABOOR||The Forbearing, The Patient|
What do the 99 names of Allah represent?
The 99 Names of Allah, also known as the 99 attributes of Allah, are the names of Allah revealed by the Creator (الله) (Allah) in the Qur’an. These names represent the attributes of Allah.
What is the meaning of Asma ul Husna?
Here is the explanation. In Arabic, Asma means name, and Husna means good. Thus, the meaning of Asmaul Husna is Allah’s beautiful and good names.
How do I memorize Asma ul Husna?
It is possible for anyone to memorize these beautiful, flawless, and timeless Names of Allah; the 99 Holy Names (Asma ul Husna, the Most Beautiful Names of God).
Allah (swt) has 99 names, each with a unique definition, explanation, and purpose. Every name has a deep and perfect meaning, and we should understand it to the best of our abilities. In spite of the number 99 being big, there are some that sound very similar, even though they are quite different once you dig deeper.
It is important to understand the 99 names of Allah (swt). Using these names when making dua is recommended, as they give us a better understanding of Allah’s (swt) power in accepting our prayer. By developing a relationship with each and every one of his names, we will be able to grow closer to Allah (swt).
The Importance of the 99 Names of Allah
Before we dive into the steps on memorizing these beautiful. We ought to know its importance.
Allah (swt) mentions in the Qu’ran His beloved names and their ranks in their Supreme entirety – nothing can be compared to Him.
هُوَ ٱللَّهُ ٱلْخَـٰلِقُ ٱلْبَارِئُ ٱلْمُصَوِّرُ ۖ لَهُ ٱلْأَسْمَآءُ ٱلْحُسْنَىٰ ۚ يُسَبِّحُ لَهُۥ مَا فِى ٱلسَّمَـٰوَٰتِ وَٱلْأَرْضِ ۖ وَهُوَ ٱلْعَزِيزُ ٱلْحَكِيمُ
He is Allah, the Creator, the Shaper out of naught, the Fashioner. His are the most beautiful names. All that is in the heavens and the earth glorifieth Him, and He is the Mighty, the Wise.
Qur’an Al-Hashr 59:24
هُوَ ٱللَّهُ ٱلْخَـٰلِقُ ٱلْبَارِئُ ٱلْمُصَوِّرُ ۖ لَهُوَلِلَّهِ ٱلْأَسْمَآءُ ٱلْحُسْنَىٰ فَٱدْعُوهُ بِهَا ۖ وَذَرُوا۟ ٱلَّذِينَ يُلْحِدُونَ فِىٓ أَسْمَـٰٓئِهِۦ ۚ سَيُجْزَوْنَ مَا كَانُوا۟ يَعْمَلُونَ
Allah’s are the fairest names. Invoke Him by them. And leave the company of those who blaspheme His names. They will be requited what they do.
Surat Al-A’raf 7:180
And of course, our Beloved Messenger (ﷺ) said, as narrated from the authority of Abu Huraira (ra):
Allah’s Messenger (ﷺ) said, “Allah has ninety-nine names, i.e. one-hundred minus one, and whoever knows them will go to Paradise.”
Sahih al-Bukhari 2736
Thus, we can conclude from authentic references in the Glorious Quran and Hadith that memorizing these holy names of Allah Subhana-wa-ta’ala is of utmost importance. The more one memorizes them, the greater one’s reward will be. Our beloved Prophet ( ) has stated that whoever learns them by heart will receive a reward as high as admission to Paradise. That’s an honor!
Steps in Memorising the 99 Names of Allah (SWT)
Once in the morning + once in the evening:
- Listen to the 99 Names of Allah (morning only, not evening)
- Recite the 99 Names of Allah yourself
- Memorise 2-3 names per day (getting better? stick with 5-7)
If you follow the simple method mentioned above, you shall be able to memorise the names within 4-6 weeks, Insha’Allah. I am going to break it down in points.
- Listen to the 99 Names of Allah
Below you will find audio file of the infamous Qari Ayoub Essack from South Africa. I recommend his recitation as it is crystal clear and pretty catchy.
Recommend: Full Hadith + 99 Names of Allah (swt)
Tip: Listening to the Hadith at least in the morning will give you some hidden barakah which I personally found and it will aid your memorisation goal too, Insha’Allah.
There are some other audios which you can find online but their order is not in the traditional manner. One of the most popular recitations on YouTube has someone reciting them without the Arabic Tajweed. It’s not befitting in my own opinion and I find it quite displeasing. Say them correctly – listen to them with the correct Arabic. The audio files I’ve shared with you cannot go wrong, Insha’Allah!
- Recite the 99 Names of Allah yourself
Recite them, when you wake up and recite them again before you sleep or after Maghrib. Recite all of the names in one sitting – it hardly takes 2 minutes. Surely, we can take out this much time for this memorization which has so much honour and reward attached to it, right? Just recite them with Arabic going along the list.
Pick a suitable time that you can stick too. Some tips I want to share:
- Mix & match the translation: Whilst reciting them as part of your daily ritual, have a peak at the meanings every now and then, as you get faster. It will allow you to see the names and appreciate the attributes of Allah (swt) at every step.
- Mix & match the recitation: You could say Ya Rahman, Ya Raheem, Ya Malik rather than Ar-Rahman, Ar-Raheem. I used to do this in my duas. It will also help you in memorisation as you become accustomed to beseeching to Allah (swt) in more than one way.
- Ask a scholar/someone you trust: Ask a person of knowledge to hear your recitation, if you feel you are not saying the names correctly. It’s good for someone to hear your recitation as this will humble you and help rectify any mistakes.
- Memorise 2-3 names per day
Look and recite Ar-Rahman, Ar-Raheem. Slowly and clearly 5 times. Try to look at the Arabic first and on the 4th time you can study their meaning. Then cover the names with your hand or close your eyes and picture the names and recite 3 times without looking Ar-Rahman, Ar-Raheem.
💡When memorising from the steps below take this note: Look and recite Ar-Rahman, Ar-Raheem. Slowly and clearly 5 times. Try to look at the Arabic first and on the 4th time you can study their meaning. Then cover the names with your hand or close your eyes and picture the names and recite 3 times without looking Ar-Rahman, Ar-Raheem
- Wake up
- Listen to all the Names from the audio
- Recite all the Names
- Recite the first two names: Look and recite Ar-Rahman, Ar-Raheem. Slowly, clearly 5 times. Try to look at the Arabic first and on the 4th time you can let your eyes wonder to the meaning. Then cover the names with your hand or close your eyes and picture the names and recite 3 times without looking Ar-Rahman, Ar-Raheem.
- Recite the names all day – mix and match
- Repeat steps 2-4 in the Evening
In the morning having listened (step 1) and recited the full names (step 2); repeat the above step by reciting and recalling yesterdays Names. You should be able to do so from memory now. So:
- Wake up
- Listen to all the Names from the audio
- Recite all the Names
- Recall yesterdays names (Ar-Rahman, Ar-Raheem)
- Start today with the next two names (Al-Malik, Al-Quddus) and repeat the same from Day 1.
- Repeat steps 2-5 in the Evening including your previous names
Do this until you have safely memorised 10 names. When you are confident to recite 10 days without looking then pick up the next names, say from 11-13 and repeat . Add more names only when you are confident that you are not making mistakes.
Confident? You can now skip the audio in the morning and evening.
Tips: Recite the names you are memorising throughout the day, every day. “Ya-Rahman, Ya-Raheem – Forgive me”. “Ya Malik, Ya-Quddus – Guide me”. “Ar-Rahman, Ar-Raheem – Help me”. Include the names in your Duas and when you are running your daily errands (shopping, cleaning – typing away etc). This goes back with the mix and match I mentioned before. It will solidify your memory and keep you motivated. Eventually you will be reciting all of Allah (swt) names or selected ones, whenever you wish!
What are the benefits of learning Allah 99 names?
The one who memorizes and learns these names will be rewarded with Jannah by Allah Almighty. Not only will reciting these names help you earn “Sawab”, but you will also receive many blessings. As well as guiding you on the right path, they will also be helpful.